The following organizations are generally regarded as reputable fact-checking organizations focused on U.S. national news:
Respected specialty sites cover niche areas such as climate or celebrities. Here are a few examples:
There are many fact-checking sites outside the U.S. Here is a small sample:
In addition, Wikipedia can be a good source for fact-checking. A good Wikipedia article is heavily sourced. You may sometimes see warnings that an article needs more citations or or disputed. You can also click on the "talk" tab to see if there were arguments about the validity of a source what belongs in the article going on behind the scenes.
Based loosely on indicators from the Trust Project based at a center for applied ethics at Santa Clara University.
Whether you are reading a newspaper article or a scholarly journal or book, look for these things:
The next two qualities can be hard to determine.
There are certain publications that have strong reputations. For example, though a large percentage of the population of the United States does not trust news media, these publications are well regarded as national news sources:
They don't always get their facts right, but they have a reputation for trying. Local news sources may be more likely to cover local news well, but can't afford to cover national news with original reporting.
Within any scholarly or scientific field there is a staggeringly large number of publications, and they have different subject niches and varying reputations. One of the best ways of finding out which journals are considered the most important is to ask someone who is an expert in the field - such as a faculty member. There is no button you can click in a database for "best information source."
There are times you are unfamiliar with a publication. Check for an "about" statement and read laterally to see what others think of it. One handy trick is to do a search that doesn't include the source itself by adding the name of the publication and adding -site:URL.
daily caller -site:dailycaller.com
democracy now -site:democracynow.org
You'll find their YouTube and Facebook sites, but also information about them from other sources.