Rosh Hashanah is the Jewish New Year, literally “the head of the year.” It begins on the first day of the Jewish month of Tishrei, which approximately falls in September/October. The customary greeting Jews give one another on this day, “l’shanah tovah u’metukah,” translates to “have a happy and sweet new year,” but is commonly shortened to “shanah tovah!” Some of the most well-known customs of Rosh Hashanah include blowing the shofar and eating apples dipped in honey.
Yom Kippur is the Jewish “day of atonement.” It begins on the tenth day of Tishrei, which approximately falls in September/October. The customary greeting Jews give one another on this day, “tsom kal, tsom mo’il,” translates to “easy fast, beneficial fast.” During this 25-hour holy day, Jews refrain from eating and drinking. On the eve of the holiday, Jews practice the kapparot ritual, in which the sins of the past year are transferred to money or live poultry which is then donated to charity. The prayer service is marked by the recitation of the Priestly Blessing in the synagogue.