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A Guide to Jewish Studies: Judaism in Antiquity

A guide to Jewish Studies created by Allison James '22 and Visiting Librarian Abe Nemon in 2022.

Judaism in Antiquity

Within the Hebrew Bible, or the Old Testament, the Jewish people worshipped in an ancient Temple in Jerusalem. In 586 BC, the Babylonian Empire captured Jerusalem and destroyed the Jewish temple, sending the Jewish people into their first exilic period. The Persian Empire defeated the Babylonian Empire in 538 BC, allowing the Jewish people to return from exile and rebuild their temple, thus beginning the Second Temple Period. However, after the Romans conquered the Persian, the Romans destroyed the second temple in 70 AD, thus sending the Jewish people into another time of affliction. Judaism within these time periods is explored within this section.

General Resources

Beginnings to First Temple Period

Babylonian Captivity to End of the Second Temple Period

Judaism and Hellenism

Judaism and the Roman Empire

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